September 21, 2012

Una gigantesca "bolla di magma" sta facendo innalzare l'isola di Santorini - Giant ‘balloon of magma’ inflates under Greece’s Santorini volcano


10 Set 2012 - GRECIA - Una nuova indagine condotta da un team di scienziati dell'universita' di Oxford indica che la camera di roccia fusa sotto il vulcano di Santorini si e' ampliata dai 10-20000000 metri cubi - fino a 15 volte le dimensioni dello Stadio Olimpico di Londra, - tra gennaio 2011 e aprile 2012 . La crescita di questa 'bolla' di magma ha fatto sollevare l'isola di circa 8-14 centimetri in questo periodo. I risultati provengono da una spedizione, finanziata dal Regno Unito e dal Natural Environment Research Council, che ha usato immagini radar satellitari e ricevitori del sistema globale di posizionamento (GPS) in grado di rilevare i movimenti della superficie terrestre di pochi millimetri. I risultati stanno aiutando gli scienziati a comprendere meglio il funzionamento interno del vulcano, che ha avuto la sua ultima grande eruzione esplosiva 3.600 anni fa, seppellendo le isole di Santorini sotto metri di pomice. Tuttavia, ancora non fornisce una risposta alla domanda più importante di tutte: 'quando avverra' la prossima eruzione vulcanica? E' dal gennaio 2011, che una serie di piccoli terremoti hanno cominciato a scuotere le isole di Santorini. La maggior parte di di piccola intensita' rilevabili solo dagli strumenti ma primo segno di attivita' dopo 25 anni di quiescenza. Il team ha calcolato che la quantità di roccia fusa che sta gonfiando la camera magmatica sotto Santorini dallo scorso anno solitamente avviene 10-20 anni. Ma questo non significa che una eruzione sia imminente : infatti l'attività sismica negli ultimi mesi e' leggermente decaduta.

source: terrarealtime



SILENT OBSERVER:
CI TROVI ANCHE SU FACEBOOK

Giant ‘balloon of magma’ inflates under Greece’s
Santorini volcano


A new survey suggests that the chamber of molten rock beneath Santorini’s volcano expanded 10-20 million cubic meters – up to 15 times the size of London’s Olympic Stadium – between January 2011 and April 2012. The growth of this ‘balloon’ of magma has seen the surface of the island rise 8-14 centimetres during this period, a team led by Oxford University scientists has found. 


The results come from an expedition, funded by the UK’s Natural Environment Research Council, which used satellite radar images and Global Positioning System receivers (GPS) that can detect movements of the Earth’s surface of just a few millimetres. The findings are helping scientists to understand more about the inner workings of the volcano which had its last major explosive eruption 3,600 years ago, burying the islands of Santorini under metres of pumice. However, it still does not provide an answer to the biggest question of all: ‘when will the volcano next erupt?’ A report of the research appears in this week’s Nature Geoscience. In January 2011, a series of small earthquakes began beneath the islands of Santorini. Most were so small they could only be detected with sensitive seismometers but it was the first sign of activity beneath the volcano to be detected for 25 years. Dr. Juliet Biggs of Bristol University, also an author of the paper, said: ‘People were obviously aware that something was happening to the volcano, but it wasn’t until we saw the changes in the GPS, and the uplift on the radar images that we really knew that molten rock was being injected at such a shallow level beneath the volcano. Many volcanologists study the rocks produced by old eruptions to understand what happened in the past, so it’s exciting to use cutting-edge satellite technology to link that to what’s going on in the volcanic plumbing system right now.’ Professor David Pyle of Oxford University’s Department of Earth Sciences, an author of the paper, said: ‘For me, the challenge of this project is to understand how the information on how the volcano is behaving right now can be squared with what we thought we knew about the volcano, based on the studies of both recent and ancient eruptions. There are very few volcanoes where we have such detailed information about their past history.’ The team calculated that the amount of molten rock that has arrived beneath Santorini in the past year is the equivalent of about 10-20 years growth of the volcano. But this does not mean that an eruption is about to happen: in fact the rate of earthquake activity has dropped off in the past few months.
source: phys.org


SILENT OBSERVER:
FOLLOW US ALSO ON FACEBOOK


No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

see also.... vedi anche....